There are various reasons why you might have to have your tooth pulled out. This procedure is called dental extraction. At Enhance Family Dental, we will make sure that the procedure is as painless as possible.
Causes of Tooth Removal
Teeth can be removed for several reasons:
Why are Wisdom Teeth Extracted?
Wisdom teeth are the last molars on each side of your arches. These teeth usually erupt between the ages of 17 and 25. Since they are the last teeth to appear, there is often not enough room in your mouth to hold them. This can lead to your wisdom tooth becoming trapped beneath your gums or result in a slanted tooth that becomes impacted.
Impacted teeth are only partially erupted and may exert pressure on the molar next to them, damaging their root. This can result in infection, severe pain, tenderness, and swelling. Removing these wisdom teeth can reduce the risk of infection and pain in the long run.
Dental Extraction Procedure
At Enhance Family Dental, Brian Hill, DDS will review your medical history and take your dental x-rays.
The x-rays will reveal the shape, position, and length of the tooth and its surrounding bone. Before the extraction, the area is desensitized with local anesthesia. For a simple extraction, the tooth is first loosened with special tools and then pulled out with forceps. We may also smooth and shape the underlying bone and stitch the area, although this is not always necessary.
For an impacted wisdom tooth extraction, we will first make an incision in the gum tissue to expose the tooth and then remove the bone structure that blocks access to the tooth root. We may also break the tooth into pieces so that it is easier to remove with forceps.
Once the tooth is removed, we may clean the site and apply stitches to the wound, though this is not often necessary. We may also place gauze or a cotton ball over the tooth extraction site to control the bleeding and swelling.
What to Expect After a Tooth Extraction
As mentioned above, it is essential that you keep the wound clean so that it does not become infected. We will give you a piece of gauze to bite down on, which you must keep in place for 30 to 45 minutes until the wound clots over.
For the next 24 hours, you shouldn’t rinse your mouth excessively, brush the teeth near the wound, smoke or drink hot beverages. Some pain is to be expected for the next few days, for which we will recommend you over-the-counter painkillers. You can also apply an ice pack to your face to alleviate the swelling and rinse your mouth with salt and warm water.
Complications After Tooth Extraction
Your wound should heal in a few days to two weeks; however, if you experience adverse conditions like severe pain, heavy bleeding, worsening swelling, formation of pus, persistent numbness or difficulty breathing, this can be a sign that your wound has gotten infected or you are having an allergic reaction to the anesthesia.
Sometimes, patients develop a dry socket on the site of the extraction. This happens when the blood clot on the wound dissolves or is dislodged, and the bone and raw nerve endings in the socket become exposed.
If you believe you have any of the above conditions, call us at (586) 666-4950 immediately.